林恩·约翰斯顿和凯蒂·霍斯托克反思他们小学项目的试点, which connects Religious Education with Art. 

We are primary school teachers by trade, 而且 now Art 而且 RE subject specialists within the 教育学院 Primary Team. From our years in the primary classroom, bb电子都相信,当艺术和宗教教育结合在一起时,会产生一些非常强大的东西, bb电子热衷于支持bb电子的培训教师发展知识, skills 而且 competences they need to embrace RE-through-Art.

洞穴艺术

艺术和信仰在整个人类历史上一直紧密相连,原因有很多,也很复杂. Leroi-Gourhan认为在拉斯科壮观的旧石器时代洞穴壁画,可以追溯到公元前.15,000-13,000 BCE were religious in nature 而且 used for initiation ceremonies:

藏传佛教中使用的曼荼罗被信众认为可以传递正能量,起到净化的作用.

在基督教传统中, 用绘画来分享和反思圣经和圣人的故事有着悠久的历史——想想圣弗朗西斯科·阿西西大教堂的画作吧, 这幅画是契马部埃画的,目的是向穷人和文盲分享圣人的一生, the very people Francis ministered to.

Sarah Tubb 而且 the Heavenly Visitors

bb电子用宗教艺术和人工制品来支持和发展孩子们对宗教思想和概念的理解, 同时也给他们一个安全的空间来问问题,表达他们对灵性的想法和思考. We have also used religious art as a springboard, inspiring children to create their own artworks, expressive of their profound personal responses to spiritual ideas 而且 concepts, enabling them to engage across the cognitive, affective 而且 psychomotor domains of learning.

以下是一些孩子们在建立起艺术和自然之间的桥梁时所做出的深刻反应的例子:

Lynn shared a conversation about Caravaggio’s 基督的复活 一组KS2学习者. A 10-year-old made this profound comment about the way the face of Jesus is painted, with a passive 而且 resigned demeanour, whilst directly behind him a Disciple is agitated 而且 fearful:

“他们穿着同样颜色的长袍,就好像这就是耶稣内心的真实感受. He knows what God wants him to do, 而且 he doesn’t want to show he’s scared.”

伍斯特郡一所学校的KS2班的孩子们根据RE课上bb电子“对与错”的讨论创作了自己的艺术品.” Amongst many original 而且 thought-provoking responses, one group created a sculptural work which they named 正义的彩虹.

“它代表着如果人们一起为正义而努力,世界将变得更美好.”

With the introduction of the new Diocese syllabus for R.E, “了解基督教,“Kaytie的任务是为学校图书馆制作一幅完整的学校美术作品,以代表新课程的不同方面.  这幅作品的灵感来自“The Big Frieze”——一幅描绘人与上帝关系的图画.

bb电子已经试点了一个与儿童合作的项目,支持他们参与不同宗教传统的艺术作品,并以他们自己的创意产出作为回应. The painting we chose for the pilot was Stanley Spencer’s Sarah Tubb 而且 the Heavenly Visitors (1933).

对英国艺术家斯坦利·斯宾塞来说,伯克郡的库克汉姆村是“天堂的神圣郊区”.” Many of his religious paintings were set in his home village.

Sarah Tubb 而且 the Heavenly Visitors 讲述了莎拉离开家后,被一次由哈雷彗星彗尾呈现的异常日落所吓坏的故事. Believing the end of the world was coming, Sarah fell to her knees to pray, on the pavement of Cookham High Street. Stanley Spencer sends angels to comfort Sarah, by bringing her “emblems of what she is like” 而且 “all those things which she loved.”

We chose this painting for our pilot project because of its simplified forms, 而且 the immediacy 而且 relatability of the story behind it. bb电子询问了5岁的孩子, 7 而且 9 to say what they thought about the picture 而且 the story behind it, 创造他们自己的艺术作品,反映“他们是什么样子的象征”和“他们喜欢的东西”,这可能会安慰他们.

bb电子被原画中萨拉面前地面上抽象的画框迷住了, so these seemed like an obvious place to start.  使用搓洗胶带, we created these frames in different sizes on card 而且 asked Azraea, aged 5 to see if she could fill the gaps with the things that she loves.  Albeit simple, there is something reminiscent of Piet Mondrian about the outcome.

Reading more about the original painting, bb电子发现,右边的照片是明信片架的代表,它曾经位于斯宾塞的家乡库克汉姆的报刊亭外面. 阿耳特弥斯, 7岁, 受此启发,她创作了自己的明信片,描绘了她认为会给她安慰的东西. 她用墨水和水彩画出她的图像,然后bb电子用丝带连接在一起,形成一个垂直的展示,就像萨拉·塔布展示的那样.

欧菲莉亚, 9岁, 渴望用一种更真实的方式来回应这幅画,创作一幅她自己的画. After several attempts at creating an imaginary composition, 欧菲莉亚 became frustrated with the results. 艺术教学的最佳实践总是鼓励在可能的情况下从现实生活中观察, so we set about creating our own version of the painting in the front garden. 阿耳特弥斯 is kneeling in the middle, being comforted by the things she loves the most:  her sisters, 爸爸, 狮子罗里, 油漆, 她的吉他, 而且 an exceptionally large bar of galaxy chocolate! 

欧菲莉亚 was then able to turn this photo into a painting of her own.  bb电子鼓励她从色彩块的角度来思考这幅画,以避免陷入细节.  The result is a loose, gestural painting much like the work of Spencer himself. 使用在课堂上创作照片的策略是支持儿童艺术创作和鼓励高质量观察的一种高效方式.   

最后, we decided to create a more abstract interpretation of Spencer’s painting, 创造这些充满活力的拼贴画. We cut words out of magazines; carefully chosen to represent the things the girls love the most. We then painted over these in fiery colours, 想象着萨拉·塔布看到哈雷彗星那天的天空会是什么样子. 然后,女孩们把房子周围的特殊物品拍了下来,并把它们添加到她们在报纸和杂志上找到的其他照片上. 最后加上一张他们自己的照片,因为他们想象如果他们在天空中看到一些不寻常的、令人惊叹的东西,他们会有什么反应. 

如果您想了解更多bb电子小学UG和PGCE教师培训课程的信息,请与系主任联系, 丹•休斯. 该课程以一种有意义和互动的方式,为新教师提供探索RE和艺术以及其他课程科目的机会. bb电子很乐意收到你的来信.